The art of wine-growing

The history of phylloxera

Certain European landscapes regressed or disappeared with the phylloxera crisis at the end of the 19th century.

Cultivation habits were changed by the practice of grafting European plants onto American root-stock.

New zones of cultivation, unaffected by phylloxera or hostile to the survival of the insect, were developed in North Africa and on sandy, flood-prone soil (coastal regions of the Camargue, the region close to the Canal du Midi, the sandy plains of Hungary).


The experimental estate of l’ESPIGUETTE, ENTAV, Camargue, France