The effects of modernity

Economic considerations, productivity and urban developments have often taken precedence over the aesthetic and heritage aspects. The mechanisation of the vineyards has often been reflected in the banalisation or even degradation of landscapes. The hill-slopes have been restructured and vine plots have often been enlarged following land regrouping operations. The destruction of landscape components (single trees or rows of trees, hedgerows, embankments, copses) or architectural elements (crosses, vineyard cabins, etc.) has often accompanied this restructuring process. Alongside this, the new vineyards have developed on new territories in a “rational” manner.

The impact of urban development

The impact of this is felt most strongly in peri-urban areas. The growth of population, attracted by a rural life-style, is often reflected in the development of new housing estates, with a commonplace, unsightly habitat, far removed from the traditional local constructions.
Large-scale developments (TGV rail lines, motorways, electricity lines) are often made without any consultation with the wine-growing world. Similarly, through its indirect effects (illegal dump sites, advertising hoardings, industrial zones) can contribute to degrading the landscape.

Landscapes threatened by climate change

In the perspective of lasting climate change linked with human activities, wine-growing needs to adapt to the new climate constraints. The methods of vine-raising, the management of soil and hill-slopes and the vegetation of vineyard ecosystems are among the elements likely to change, with the corollary of a substantial modification of the typical landscape characteristics of terroirs.